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A to Z Apple History

History of Apples in New York

Acey Mac

Acey Mac was discovered in Peru, New York in 1969.  They have a sweet, tart taste and are very juicy.  Acey Macs are excellent for eating and making sauce.

Braeburn

A cross between a Lady Hamilton and a Granny Smith.  They originated here in 1952 from a New Zealand seedling.  Braeburns have a sweet/tart flavor and the aroma of cider.  They are good for eating, salads and sauce.

Cameo

Cameos are crunchy apples with a firm texture.  They have a sweet/tart flavor and are excellent for fresh eating and desserts.  Cameos were discovered in the 1980's in a Red and Golden Delicious orchard in Washington State.

Cortland

Cortlands are a cross between MacIntosh and Ben Davis apples.  The apples were created in 1915 at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.  Sweet with a hint of tartness, they are great for salads because they don't brown quickly.

Crispin (Mutsu)

A cross between Golden Delicious and Indo Apples, they were developed in Japan in the 1930s.and came to the U. S. in the 1940s.  Crispins are super crisp and juicy.  They have a sweet taste.  Excellent for eating and baking.

Empire

This apple is a tasty blend of sweet and tart.  First introduced at the Cornell Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY in 1966, it is a cross between a Red Delicious and a McIntosh.  Empires are a fine choice for eating and baking.

Fortune

Ideal for eating, sauce and baking.  Fortune apples are mildly sweet with a juicy tartness.  They are a hybrid of a Schoharie Spy and an Empire.  Fortunes were introduced at the Cornell Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY in 1996.

Fuji

Fuji apples were developed in Japan.  A cross between Red Delicious and Ralls Janut, they are sweet, juicy and extremely crisp.  An excellent fresh eating apple.

Gala

Named in 1962 by New Zealand researchers, Gala apples are a cross between Golden Delicious and Kid's Orange Apples.  Sweet and juicy they are great for eating and salads.

Ginger Gold

A chance seedling discovered in a Winesap orchard in Virginia.  Ginger Gold are possibly a cross of Golden Delicious and an Albemarie Pippin.  An early yellow apple with a sweet, mildly tart taste.  Excellent for eating and salads.

Golden Delicious

Mildly sweet and juicy Golden Delicious are good for eating, salad and sauce.  Discovered in West Virginia from a chance seedling of a Grimes Golden Apple.

Honeycrisp

True to its name, Honeycrisp apples are sweet and crisp.  An offspring of the Keepsake apple it was developed in Minnesota in 1991.  Exceptional for eating and salads.

Ida Red

Cross between Jonathan and Wagener apples, the Ida Red was developed in 1942 in Idaho.  They are crisp with a sweet, tart flavor.  A great choice for pies and fresh eating.

Jonagold

Excellent for eating, salads, sauce and baking.  Jonagold apples are honey sweet and juicy with a hint of tartness.  Developed in 1968 at the Cornell Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY they are a cross between Jonathan and Golden Delicious apples.

Jonamac

Released by the Cornell Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY in 1972. Jonamac is a cross between a Jonathan and a McIntosh.  Good for fresh eating with a sweet/tart flavor.

Macoun

A blend of a McIntosh and Jersey Black Apple, the Macoun was discovered at the 1923 Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.  An excellent choice for a no-fat dessert.  Macouns are extra sweet and have a mild, tart taste.  Also good for pies.

McIntosh

Discovered in Ontario, Canada in the 1800's by John McIntosh, the apple is possibly a cross between a Fameuse and a Detroit Red Apple.  McIntosh apples are particularly well suited to growing in New York's cool climate.  A classic eating apple, they are very juicy and sweet with a tart tang.

Paula Red

One of the earliest varieties, Paula Red apples have a sweet, tart taste.  Originated in a McIntosh orchard in Michigan, the apple is named after the farmer's wife. Pauline.  Good for eating and sauce.

Red Delicious

Originally named the Hawkeye Apple, by Jesse Hiatt a farmer in Peru, Iowa.  He later renamed it, Delicious.  Sweet and juicy they are excellent for fresh eating and salads.  Also good for decorating since they retain their color for long periods.

Rome

Rome apples have a mildly tart flavor.  Great for sauce, baking and eating. 

Zestar

Zestars are an early maturing apple.  Developed in 1998 at the University of Minnesota.  Zestars are crisp and juicy. A superb eating apple.